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Can Pakistan become Asia’s start-up hub?

Published in Mar-Apr 2017
How collaborative efforts by the Government and private sector can help boost Pakistan's entrepreneurial ecosystem.
Photo: Online.
Photo: Online.

The Skype software was developed in Estonia, a small Baltic country with a population of 1.3 million people. The promising landscape it offers for entrepreneurs has earned it the title of ‘Europe’s new start-up hub.’ Besides Skype, which today has 74 million users, multiple billion dollar start-ups, including TransferWise have emerged from Estonia.

The Estonian Government has largely facilitated the growth process of the local start-up industry. The Estonian Entrepreneurship Growth Strategy 2020, an ambitious yet strategic policy document to drive economic activity, was set in place. By increasing productivity, stimulating entrepreneurship and encouraging innovation, the Estonian Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications says: “Estonia should be one of the best countries in the world to establish and develop a company.”

In short, the State has put in place a structured, coherent and measurable pathway for the industry to follow.

In another part of the world, with a similar ‘risk-averse’ attitude, the local entrepreneurial landscape is fast developing. Similar to Estonia, it is being driven by the State and more specifically, the IT department of the Government of Punjab that has been the catalyst of change.

Dr Umar Saif, who leads the department, has made it his mission to turn Lahore into our own Silicon Valley. As a first step, Plan9, a technology incubator (named after the first free-share operating software by Bell Labs) was launched in 2012. With the completion of its eighth incubation cycle, 130-plus start-ups have come up, some with net valuations ranging between six and $10 million. Collectively, they have made a sizable contribution to the IT job market.

How important has this incubator been in shaping the local scene? More importantly, what role has the State played in this?

Illustration by Creative Unit.
Illustration by Creative Unit.

To answer this, it is important to first analyse the factors which have hampered entrepreneurial evolution in Pakistan. Firstly, the people of Pakistan are risk-averse. From a young age, children are instructed to opt for mainstream career choices, such as engineering, medicine and teaching; the reason being the social status attached and the income flow these professions promise. Secondly, a typical household has limited capital funds available and these are not enough to allow young people to become involved in activities such as entrepreneurship, which are deemed risky. Therefore, entrepreneurship has not been a career option much experimented with, prior to the setting up of Plan9.

Taking into account these factors, the Government of Punjab decided to provide solutions. At first, through the IT Board and Plan9, the Government introduced the concept of ‘business incubation’. As the initiative was government backed, it was perceived as credible. In contrast, services offered by a new sector or by lesser known agents may be categorised as potential scams. In addition, the Government has a national outreach. As the message was spread, a new narrative was shaped.

Conceptually, entrepreneurship began to be embedded in the minds of young people and incubation became a new buzzword. This was furthered by Plan9’s efforts to encourage universities to replicate the incubation model. As a result, entrepreneurship received attention from academia as well. At present, 20 universities across Pakistan have set up incubators in collaboration with Plan9.

The importance of the need to promote entrepreneurship is captured by statistics. The unemployment rate in Pakistan is six percent (source: Pakistan Economic Survey 2014-2015); that is 3.58 million people who remain unemployed despite being able and willing to work. For the young, the figure stands at 8.5% (2013).

The situation becomes worse due to the fact that the growth rate and changes in the population are not proportionate. Today, with a population growth of 1.95% and the economy growing at 4.24%, one million jobs need to be created annually to fill the gap. Yes, one million jobs.

The unemployment rate in Pakistan is six percent; that is 3.58 million people who remain unemployed despite being able and willing to work.

With the vision to promote entrepreneurship and develop more job creators in the economy, the Punjab Government realised that the model they adopted had to be localised; therefore, a zero equity model was introduced. Plan9 provides facilities seen as necessary for a start-up to progress, such as office space, basic utilities, legal aid and a professional network, free of cost. In addition, start-ups are offered stipends for financial sustenance. With nothing to lose in monetary terms, young people have been attracted to entrepreneurship as a viable career option.

Furthermore, as the effort had an objective to impact the economy at large, entrepreneurship had to be categorised as a ‘public-good’. Therefore, going by basic economics theory, the cost associated with its provision may be ‘too-high’ for the private sector to operate on its own. This has positioned the IT Board in a critical way.

Similar to Estonia, the IT Board has been involved in ‘building blocks’ to develop a local entrepreneurial ecosystem. The Plan9 experience brought to the fore the need for yet another platform aimed at further refining graduate start-ups. The six months incubation programme turns a start-up from a business idea to a scalable model. However, it needs to be polished in order to become a company. As a result, PlanX, a technology accelerator was launched to bridge that gap. To date, PlanX has produced 30 start-ups and raised an investment of three million dollars. In a nutshell, the Government has the scope to practise ‘horizontal integration.’

Expanding the playing field to make these efforts more encompassing, the Punjab Government has launched additional initiatives powered by the IT Board. ‘Herself’ is a capacity building platform for aspiring women entrepreneurs that has trained a 100 women over a period of six months. By introducing alternate home-based economic participation models, Herself aims to increase the female labour force participation rate that stands at a low 25% (source: World Bank, 2014). Techhub Connect is a co-working space for freelancers and bridges the gap between academia and industry. Recently the e-Rozgaar scheme has launched 40 training centres across Punjab aimed at providing a three month training programme to 10,000 individuals in one year.

As the Punjab Government continues to deepen its efforts to strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystem locally, persistent effort by their provincial counterparts and active participation from the private sector will make Pakistan ‘Asia’s next start-up hub.’

At a macro-level, the IT Board has played the role of an intermediary between different government departments and industry stakeholders. Round table conferences are organised on a regular basis to bring together key stakeholders to evaluate relevant matters. An output of these conferences has been the introduction of Punjab’s first IT Policy and revision of the taxation policy for SMEs and start-ups.

Dr Saif’s vision has started taking shape as the roots of entrepreneurship have spread beyond Punjab, inspiring efforts by other provinces and the private sector.

The Federal Government has set up the National Incubation Centre in Islamabad and is now working on the National IT Policy. The Provincial Government of KP, spearheaded by the KP IT Board, has set up technology parks in Peshawar and Abbottabad and a KP Digital Strategy is set to be launched. In addition, Digital Youth Summit – a premier tech conference and start-up expo – is supported by the provincial government.

The private sector, having assessed the feasibility of the concept in Punjab, has stepped up and is participating actively. Corporate players such as Mobilink and Telenor have powered business incubators, while academic institutions, such as LUMS, have set up centres for entrepreneurship that provide research input as well as practical, hands-on facilities to budding entrepreneurs. Initiatives such as Basecamp, Invest2Innovate, DotZero and Daftarkhwan highlight the thriving entrepreneurial culture in Pakistan. The Nest I/O in Karachi, powered by P@SHA and Google for Entrepreneurs is changing the game in Sindh and has made a plausible contribution to cementing the landscape with Punjab.

As the Punjab Government continues to deepen its efforts to strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystem locally, persistent effort by their provincial counterparts and active participation from the private sector will make Pakistan ‘Asia’s next start-up hub.’

It’s not long before an app like Skype will emerge from Pakistan.

Nabeel A. Qadeer is Director of Entrepreneurship, the Government of Punjab.


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Comments (75)

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Aamir Mar 28, 2017 11:48am

This is really encouraging. If we manage to overcome power/energy woes, we can bring real change in IT sector.

tomUHTO TAWMAYTO Mar 28, 2017 12:03pm

Sadly, Pakistani cities do not figure anywhere in the global / Asian IT scenario. When has anyone last read an analysis of "Pakistan's IT strengths" in an international publication?

In November 2015, Forbes identified 10 cities globally as best suited for tech-based start-ups; only three of these were Asian, and not one among these Asian three were Pakistani cities: Beijing, Bangalore, Kuala Lumpur.

There were even two African cities: Tunis and Cairo. From this you know where Pakistan stands.

ABE Mar 28, 2017 12:05pm

If there was right leadership with any acumen and vision, it could've happened at the advent of the craze nearly two decades earlier. There is little chance of it now, especially under the monarchy and corrupt cabal.

tomUHTO TAWMAYTO Mar 28, 2017 12:13pm


You think the MAIN handicap of the tech sector is power shortage? Brother, you need some serious briefing...

anon Mar 28, 2017 12:14pm

The Baltic countries (Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia) have a lot going for them, including being right next door to Scandinavia, which has been the nursery (outside of Silicon Valley) for a lot of the useful ICT breakthroughs in the last four decades or so -- going back to when Nokia (a rubber products and cable manufacturing firm) set us off all on the path to becoming a connected world. If you really want to assess Pakistan's potential to become the next Asian startup hub, you may want to start by evaluating Pakistan's capabilities along the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) dimensions, viz. 1. Opportunity Perception 2. Startup Skills 3. Risk Acceptance 4. Networking 5. Cultural Support 6. Startup Opportunities 7. Technology Absorption 8. Human Capital 9. Competition 10. Product Innovation 11. Process Innovation 13. Internationalization 14. Risk Capital.

Great stuff, Nabeel, but much needs to be done before such aspirations can go beyond just being wishful thinking..

Ahmed Mar 28, 2017 12:16pm

good to see start-up culture, but emphasis should be on basic sciences, engineering, and math. these are necessary and fundamental tools to excel in start-up. ideas are only good when they can be carried on strong foundations. all the best .

kaps Mar 28, 2017 12:36pm

Nice joke, very funny..

Yasir Mar 28, 2017 12:54pm

Pakistan already is a hub of startups not just in Asia but world ,The only thing is these startups are not related to IT or Industrial. All this happened in late 80s during the rule of Zia.These startups have even invested in south asian neighborhood.

Mumbaite Mar 28, 2017 01:00pm

@BAXAR Shan Masalas, I love them.

sharma ji Mar 28, 2017 01:20pm

They can really become hackers hub, which they infact are....

Abbas Mar 28, 2017 01:22pm


Sahi furmayaa

R S Chakravarti Mar 28, 2017 01:23pm

@tomUHTO TAWMAYTO That there are no Pakistani cities in the list is not due to terrorism since the list includes Tunis and Cairo. On the other hand, it means the presence of terrorists in Pakistan needn't be a big handicap for developing startups. You have to use all help possible, such as Pakistanis in Silicon Valley. If relations with India were to improve, it would help.

SR Mar 28, 2017 01:24pm

NEVER. It will remain a PIPE DREAM

Indian Mar 28, 2017 01:48pm

@FAUJI JAT well said bro

south Asia Mar 28, 2017 01:59pm

@BAXAR Softwares like Tally 9, Cloths, Tata Vehicles (Tata also owns Jaguar and Land Rover), Mahindra Vehicles especially tractors (Mahindra is the largest tractor maker and also owns Ssangyong), Indian pharmaceuticals and Indian IT services, Fertilizers and animal feed, Tea, Cotton, dairy products, Also the large hadron collider has switch panels from India, Also please check ISRO.

Jjwala Mar 28, 2017 02:54pm

This is an incredible article.... incredibly funny.

zeeshandxb Mar 28, 2017 02:59pm

I cant help crying over the wishful thinking of the writer. I am a pakistani having a trading business in dubai. I spent more than 3 million rupees to get a small office work as a backup office. The power woes, internet issues, employees always looking for bank, government jobs, etc. and using our office as a transit zone (in short no professionalism), etc. I took a shock of my life and i am looking forward to closing the office altogether. I am not sure what to say. Its just my opinion.

smilingbudha Mar 28, 2017 03:00pm

Just impossible... Pakistan's economy is showing downward trend, poor state of foreign reserves, deeply rooted corruption, shortage of skilled man power, increasing foreign debt, TERRORISM and lot more... An investor will first study these factors before making any investment.

insaan Mar 28, 2017 03:09pm

@BAXAR bro i beg to differ with your views with regard to india ..agreed that we dont produce anything which is demanded by the world but i would like to point out few things we have got some big mncs with billions of turnover who operate in foreign countries like tata mahindra, L&T ,kirloskar ,apollo tyres ,asian paints, havells ,bharat forge and software companies who have established their bases in america and europe like tcs ,cognizant ,tech mahindra, wipro ,infosys,and many more who have become back bone of many banks and companies in west...generic medicines of india is exported to many african countries and west too imports it...we have relatively good start up ecosystem but still not at par with the west...but we are catching up with the competition but honestly i dont see pakistan in the race till now but hope it will also enter the race ...only a prosperous neighbour will ensure your prosperity ..good luck pak

Khalid Mar 28, 2017 04:32pm

Can Pakistan become Asia’s start-up hub? Sadly, the simple and straight answer is a BIG no. In a country where education is a business. Electricity shortage is a huge problem. Lack of gas is common everywhere and above all, security is an issue the whole world knows about. No Western airline flies to Pakistan. Lack of all of the above makes Pakistan an unlikely destination for start-ups. Estonia, therefore is a wrong example. We only need to get our head out of the sand and look towards India for inspiration. Even if we were just suppliers of manpower to Indian IT companies, this could simply translate into Billions (not millions) of Dollars business. All we the Pakistanis do is talk big. In the last 70 years we have done ONLY that. Let us learn to walk before we start to run. Even Myanmar is doing better in IT than Pakistan.

Khalid Mar 28, 2017 04:35pm

@zeeshandxb You are spot on. Couldn't agree more.

Ash Mar 28, 2017 04:46pm

Simple and straightforward answer to this question is NO! Reasons: 1. Dishonest leadership and corruption will never provide a conducive environment. 2. Law & order situation will keep foreign companies away from Pakistan 3. Nepotism will prevent flourishing any business in Pakistan 4. Pakistan's neighbor will use their influence to keep forgeign companies away from Pakistan. 5. Although one can find more intellectuals in Karachi yet the plan is to make hub in Lahore...

A book can be written on reasons why Pak cannot flourish in any fields but above stated facts are enough for the time being.

Vijay Reddy Rajput Mar 28, 2017 04:48pm

@insaan Also, one can add the multitude of software that is developed in India for Western countries. Revenues from the software manufactured in India are the highest in the world. In addition, the pharmaceutical expertise in India resulting in 64 patent drugs, all developed and manufactured in India are renowned around the world.

BAXAR Mar 28, 2017 04:56pm

@south Asia "(Tata also owns Jaguar and Land Rover" I did not ask what Indians own. Jaguar and Land rover were designed in India. Sorry I just shifted on earth, I was not aware. Thanks for the information. Please read the question again.

kevin Mar 28, 2017 05:03pm

Are you kidding ? Pakistan and Start up hub in Asia. India more than 200,000 new startup in 2016 are not claiming a hub but pakistan just one belt and bolt road become hub for business, start up, trade, manufacture...... stop day dreaming

Maxx Mar 28, 2017 05:34pm

@kevin From where you are coming with astronomical 2 lac figure. Hardly 1368 applicants by half year 2016.

Moreover, the Startup India initiative had received only 1,368 applications by mid-December last year, of which only 502 were recognised as startups by the Department of Industry Policy and Promotion (DIPP). “The decline was ironical,”

Jamal Mar 28, 2017 05:57pm

Pakistan can sure do that, once CPEC is operational.

BAXAR Mar 28, 2017 06:11pm

@south Asia - If we offer 1000 best students in these fields, from all around the world, full scholarship (all inclusive) in ANY university of their choice, how many (including Indians) will choose an Indian one? Please be honest and don't get offended. That's how you'll know where India actually stands in innovation, besides jingoism.

christo joseph Mar 28, 2017 06:53pm

@BAXAR tata,mahindra etc manufactures and exports cars to asia, australia, europe and africa

Vaibs Mar 28, 2017 07:39pm

@BAXAR Brother there are many such instances from India. Do some research on 'Make in India' and you will get to know.

Abdul - Silicon Valley Mar 28, 2017 07:42pm

Another attempt to build another Silicon Valley? How far has Estonia reached? I have lived in the valley for over 25 years and have seen several attempts to recreate the valley around the world. Governments think that by giving incentives and space you can create a successful start-up culture; Think again, you need a VC, M&A and University research eco systems which compliment each other.

Hussain Mar 28, 2017 07:46pm

Pakistan is a crowd that lives in denial, feels please S from self praise love day dreams. Corrupt regimes Fromm Sind the, Punjab to balochistan endless greed for wealth sitting on top jobs with bottomless barrels, therefore, please think and think. Keep dreaming, it is free and hurts no one. Long live Zardaries and Nawaz brothers and Pakistani dreams.

citizen Mar 28, 2017 08:32pm

Very difficult..Even second tier Indian cities like Bangalore, Madras, Pune are miles ahead of us in start up. Our government is not at all interested, poor electricity supply , net facilities, infrastructure,terrorist activities deter prospective investors....

sky Mar 28, 2017 08:43pm

China is world's factory..India is back office, Bangladesh is the world's tailor shop. So, its possible for Pak as well.. but the start ups should be in area where others have not taken much lead. I say it is possible in area of Solar energy

okhan Mar 28, 2017 08:51pm

Get a life you Indians, you guys are so scared of PAKISTAN !!!! you can’t think beyond us we are always on your mind.

Ravi Mar 28, 2017 08:59pm

@Jamal For everything mantra is CPEC!!!

anil sahu Mar 28, 2017 09:45pm

@BAXAR heard the name Finacle? its a banking software by infosys used by majority of banks in the world.

Honest Mar 28, 2017 09:53pm

Thanks for the laughs!

Khalid Mar 28, 2017 10:03pm

@BAXAR I am not sure where you have been for the last 25 years and from your language, it looks like you are a fellow Pakistani. Do you have any idea how difficult it is to get into IITs and IIMs of India?. Also, do you know how many Indian PhD students are in the top US universities?. I guess you don't but it will improve your understanding if you find out answers to these questions. I have nothing but envy for India and Indians and wish our country was like India. Hating India and Indians for what they have been able to achieve will not help you. Hard work and education will.

Andy Mar 28, 2017 10:28pm

@Shiva Who is funding it in Afghanistan? INDIA due INDIA.

enigma Mar 28, 2017 10:36pm

You bet Pakistan can be a major IT hub and very well could have been extremely successful IF it had not become a patsy for the USA and NATO which severely hampered it's socio-economic growth. Millions of enterprising, brilliant young men and women from all the various Pakistani provinces have immense potential.

IF it weren't for the external forces of death and destruction raining on the country which sadly impacted our young people emotionally, psychologically and physically leading to millions of cases of PTSD. This is not an excuse, it's a sad FACT.

For w/o peace and peace of mind, how can there be socio-economic and academic success leading to prosperity?

Avinash Mar 28, 2017 10:39pm

@citizen if you are. Pakistani , you are The most wise pakistani I have ever seen

desidude Mar 28, 2017 10:45pm

Every initiative has to start from some place. India didn't have a start-up culture a few years ago either, and now it has one. Good luck, from across the border.

aruk Mar 28, 2017 10:53pm

@Ishant Very nice.........

Theerror Mar 28, 2017 11:09pm

@BAXAR : zero, Jaipur leg, value of pie, surgery,how to extract zinc from its ore .baxar . Cotton and I can go own

Abhay Mar 28, 2017 11:39pm

@BAXAR. Indian name from my side is TATA

Srini Mar 28, 2017 11:48pm

@okhan Your comments are just opposite

amin arab Mar 29, 2017 12:11am

@Vijay Reddy Rajput the software work that Indians do is meager. The planning and higher level development is done in the US and then some grunt boring work is passed to the Indians. This kind of work can be done by any middle schooler in the US. Plus they pay you a fraction of what we get paid here. you are like a kaam wali bai trying to diss another kaam wali bai that you are sweeping more floors.

rajesh tiwari Mar 29, 2017 12:25am

very true

MNishanth Mar 29, 2017 12:39am

@okhan That's another example of ostrich and sand ...Lolz

YourdAd Mar 29, 2017 12:42am

@Hussain no matter what your type of mentality people says, no one can stop us being developed country . You better teach proper English to your call centres , who can't pronounce the words.

Harinath Mallepally Mar 29, 2017 01:36am

Nothing wrong in having great goals. All the best.

If not the "hub", pakistan still can become something that is good and nortworthy. High time it becomes something of its own for good reasons.

Ahmad Mar 29, 2017 01:37am

@Ishant Great comment! Totally agree.

Gp65 Mar 29, 2017 01:41am

@BAXAR Startups do not just need to be products. They could also be services. They do not need to have international customers. Some startups in India with a valuation of $500 million or more are: 1) OYO rooms 2) OLA cabs 3) PayTM 4) Zomato 5) MakeMyTrip 6) SnapDeal 7) FlipKart

None of these companies are simple outsourcers.

Additionally, Indian pharmaceuticals sell generic pharmaceuticals all over the world and have as their customers WHOz 75% of vaccines sold in the world are made in India.

Qureshi Mar 29, 2017 02:43am

Yes Pakistan can become a center of innovation and start-up but it will stay as long shot dreams unless following things happen 1. Government make it easier to start new businesses 2. No restrictions on information flow, freedom of speech 3. Self empowerment and just remember God only help those who help themselves. 4. Cut the red tape 5. Stop terrorism 6. Open for new ideas, don't live in age of darkness 7. Make peace with neighbors Good luck and wishing well for peaceful prosperous Pakistan

O Hanif Mar 29, 2017 04:03am

Progress comes from merit, social justice and hard work. Not need to any thing else as you can judge yourself I think we are going down in all of the above. We are seeing what is going on in Balochistan, Karachi and NWFP. We also called select justice a social justice. We are doing hard work to doubt about it but mostly to do harm not good.

Mike London Mar 29, 2017 06:14am

You are already a hub of startups.

Ashraf Mar 29, 2017 06:45am

Pakistan is already a hub - only of a different sort.

Araj Raza Mar 29, 2017 07:07am

While there have been a lot of encouraging steps the big questions, for pretty much every startup ecosystem outside Silicon Valley, are the same. Is there enough venture capital? Are the backers ready to make long term bets foregoing short term profits? How many successful exits have there been so far in the market for venture capital firms?

Ashutosh Mar 29, 2017 07:19am

@BAXAR sir, kindly search "I.I.Ts and IISC Bangalore" in the internet, and you will get your's a fact that these institutes do not figure very high on the rankings (but still are in the top 200..while yours are still trying t make it to the list) perhaps because of inadequate assessment and different pedagogy structure altogether..but the graduates from these colleges of India are considered one of the best minds in the world and highly sought after. Sundar Pichai, Satya Nadela, Indra Nooyi, Francisd,souja, Anshu jain, bharat desai are a few examples that are the products of the same Indian universities.

Vivek (Indore) Mar 29, 2017 08:24am

Sorry for saying this but I don't see it happening in this century. Take my hometown Indore for example, we have more successful startups than Lahore or Karachi would have produced. Government schemes like StartUp India have also been very much helpful for startups to prosper. Not to mention that we have VCs and Incubators who invest billions of rupees on people and their ideas. I hope that Pakistan becomes the startup hub, wishes from the Bangalore of Central India.

Bikram Mar 29, 2017 08:55am

@Yasir Clap Clap Yasir Bhai

kau Mar 29, 2017 09:44am

Pakistan can, provided they are inclusive of their surrounding countries

balakorea Mar 29, 2017 09:51am

it is quiet achievable, if army allows

balakorea Mar 29, 2017 09:57am

@BAXAR tata not only own these but also daewoo (south korea). mahindra and mahindra (SsangYong Motor, south korea) etc...

Srinath Mar 29, 2017 10:02am

Title alone is a big joke! "Asia's start hub" really??

Jashmjjk Mar 29, 2017 10:04am

I will tell never..coz of the quality of educated people in the country.i am sorry to tell even though the so called educated people there arent having any quality.....they might have big big degrees but not enough quality

Satyameva Jayate Mar 29, 2017 04:46pm

A nation needs three kinds of Capital to be an Industrial Hub: Intellectual, Financial and Diplomatic. Pakistan lacks all three of those.

A Nation needs to produce persons who question every established thing, notion and idea, to be an Industrial Hub. Pakistanis Society suppresses Intellectual Inquiries and promotes Conformity.

mady Mar 29, 2017 05:32pm

@Satyameva Jayate You put it aptly. When a society pushes everybody to live/think in a certain way and believes life begins after death then no innovation required :)

Lahori BHai Mar 29, 2017 10:33pm

Lahore is extremely non corporate in its nature. city is full politicians and job minded people plus there is no tax culture in the city which is a big evidence lack of business thinking. A newer city should be picked up and inculcate qualities of creativity and good corporate citizenship.

Vorshal Mar 30, 2017 04:38am

Really! In Pakistan!!

Rana Mar 30, 2017 06:49am

@amin arab you are correct if it is services level job.But if you are in product development and R and D there are many MNCs like Microsoft, Qualcomm, Huawei,Intel,NXP,Toshiba,Samsung, Merc and many others in India where they do lot of product design to implementation from these campuses for world market.

Sachin Mar 31, 2017 03:38pm

And the answer is "NO"

Anuj Apr 04, 2017 05:07pm

@okhan we already have a life and its better than you Einstein, its you who always compare things with us be it PSL, your non existant IT sector or anything else.

Justice Apr 04, 2017 05:16pm

Their start up is as good as their IT, better focus on exporting mangoes and masalas.